Modern, Contemporary Design
Clean lines, symmetry, and simplicity are the elements of modern cabinetry design. Opt for a flat panel cabinet, oversized hardware that emphasizes the clean lines, and wood species that aren't knotty.
This style is one where you should mix different elements....like wood and paint. Notice the flat panel drawers mixed with the stile and rail doors in the following photo.
If your home is more traditional, stick with natural wood stains or glazed painted finishes. You should really only do stile and rail cabinetry in this genre, and details definitely help. In bathrooms, consider adding a foot if appropriate.
Arts & Crafts
I think everyone has a love, or at least appreciation, for the Arts and Crafts look. You probably want to only do natural wood finishes. Hardware should have exposed screws to celebrate the craftsmanship. If you'd like a decorative touch, consider adding some stained glass.
So this is the big look in my home state. Scale plays a big role in this genre. Think a big 3" apron, or if you opt for shaker style cabinetry, make your stile and rail slightly oversized. You probably need some wood elements, but mix it up and see what works within your home.
Photo Credits: cococozy, http://bofou.net/perfect-and-great-master-bathroom-floor-plans/contemporary-bathroom-modern-floor-plan-and-illuminate-the-luster-of-the-dark-bamboo-flooring-and-zebra-wood-cabinetry-plus-custom-designed-king-size-bed-and-mirrored-wall/, hgtv, http://greigedesign.blogspot.com/2014/04/grey-country-kitchen.html,
http://www.417homemag.com/417-Home/Summer-2011/2011-Idea-Home-Gallery-Kitchen-and-Hearth-Room/index.php?previewmode=on, http://fortbendlifestylesandhomes.com/an-arts-and-crafts-dream-come-true/, http://homepins.info/?p=4733, http://www.onekindesign.com/2014/06/24/new-york-loft-meets-mountain-modern-living-lake-tahoe/,